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Do lower temperatures affect decarboxylation?

THE INVENTION OF THE FREEZER IS UP THERE WITH SOME OF THE BEST, EXTENDING THE LIFE OF OUR FOOD AND GIVING US ICE-COLD DELECTABLE MUNCHIES. BUT WHEN IT COMES TO STORING YOUR PRIZED PLANTS, IS FREEZING YOUR WEED A GOOD IDEA?

DISPELLING THE MYTH

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So you’ve found yourself with too much bud (as if that’s possible), and want to keep it fresh and potent for as long as you can, and you’ve probably heard that too much humidity could lead to mold and mildew destroying your crop.

In order to combat high humidity, throwing your bud in the freezer seems like a reasonable and logical step to take! I mean it works for food right? Unfortunately, the simple answer to whether or not you should freeze your weed is a resounding no.

WHY NOT?

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After working long and hard to grow and harvest your weed, improper storage can quickly become a nightmare leading to a fouling of your product. Similar to the dangers of heat and humidity, cold temperatures also have their own negative affects on marijuana.

1. LOWER TEMPERATURES AFFECT DECARBOXYLATION

What the hell does that mean, you might ask? Put simply, decarboxylation is a chemical process that occurs naturally during the drying/curing of your bud. Raw cannabis contains a lot of THC-A, which is non-psychoactive, and through the process of decarboxylation it turns into THC– the chemical compound that gets you high.

The process can be accelerated when using marijuana for your cooking, but by storing your marijuana at temperatures that are too low (like in the freezer) you can literally stop decarboxylation in its tracks, leading to a less potent product.

2. TRICHOMES

You may have noticed the fine white hair-like particles that cover your bud? These resin glands are known as trichomes,and in the case of your own harvest, you’ve probably watched them closely as they developed from clear to milky or amber coloured.

These glands are not only responsible for giving each strain its unique taste and smell, they are also where cannabinoids like THC and CBD are most prevalent, and therefore responsible for how high you can get.

Freezing your weed literally causes these trichomes to crystalize like small ice particles, and your subsequent handling of the bud will cause them to break off into what ever storage container you’re using. Most storage containers/bags will also be affected by static charge, so even if your handling is kept to a minimum, the container will do the damage for you.

After all the care taken with your bud up to this point, losing your trichomes can be devastating, making your smoke taste worse, harsher, and less psychoactive, so keep it out of the freezer.

SO HOW SHOULD I STORE MY WEED?

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We have put out a wealth of information about better storage techniques, so I won’t go into too much detail, but there are some simple steps to follow which can lead to a longer lasting, fuller flavoured, and better smoking bud.

  1. Store it in a cool, dark place. Whilst controlling humidity will help prevent mould and mildew on your bud, overexposure to UV rays has proven to be the ‘greatest single factor’ in the breakdown of cannabinoids.
  1. Go glass. Glass not only possesses a neutral charge, you can ensure an airtight seal for your product.
  1. Vacuum seal and dehumidify. If you’re looking to store long term, you’ll want to ensure the right amount of oxygen is stored with your bud. This can allow your bud to finish curing in storage without adversely affecting humidity levels, keeping your product fresher for longer.

Do you have your own storage methods for marijuana? What works best for you? Let us know on social media or in thecomments below.

Know Your Grow: Terpenes 101

Unlike the major cannabinoids, terpenes don’t require a hefty level in cannabis to make their presence known. Additionally, terps are common to all subspecies of cannabis, meaning that they don’t play favorites between sativas and indicas.

Here’s a brief overview of the terpenes that play a major role in the scent and flavor of our favorite strains:

Limonene. Perhaps the most desirable terp present in cannabis, limonene is also found in a wide range of tropical fruits, particularly those of the citrus genus. Limonene is most common in lemons, oranges and limes, as well as in cannabis resin. This terpene explodes in the air when a fruit is peeled or buds are grinded. Ironically, plants use limonene to repulse predators.

Limonene is the first-, second- or third-most-prevalent terpene in cannabis strains, and it’s a precursor for the synthesis of other cannabinoids. Limonene is easily absorbed by inhalation and quickly appears in the bloodstream. Since it’s known to affect the permeability of cell membranes, it allows more THC to reach the brain and increases the absorption of other terps.

Pinene. This terpene causes the familiar aroma associated with pine trees and their resins, as well as many other conifers and a few non-coniferous plants such as big sagebrush. Pinene is also found in many essential oils produced by plants, including rosemary, sage and eucalyptus. It constitutes the major component of turpentine, contributing to its odor and properties as a solvent.

Pinene easily crosses the blood-brain barrier and promotes alertness and memory retention, among other effects. It is also a bronchodilator, allowing the deeper inhalation of smoke or vapor and the greater absorption of cannabinoids and terpenoids.

Myrcene. One of the most prevalent terps in cannabis, myrcene not only provides hints of flavor and aroma, but it’s also a big contributor to the effects that a strain produces. Myrcene forms an important component of the essential oils of several plants besides cannabis, including lemongrass, bay, wild thyme, parsley, mango and hops.

Myrcene is used in the perfumery industry as an intermediate agent in the preparation of flavor and fragrance chemicals such as menthol, citronellal, nerol and linalool. In cannabis, myrcene has an aroma that has been variously described as hoppy, clove-like and earthy, with tropical, mango and minty nuances.

Linalool. This terpene has a floral scent reminiscent of spring flowers such as lily, but with spicy overtones; it is also prominent in lavender plants. Humans can detect its aroma at rates as low as one part per million in the air. In cannabis, trace amounts of linalool go a long way—combined with traces amounts of terpinolene and limonene, its effects become amplified and sweeter, much like candy.

Terpinolene. This terp has a medium-strength, herbal aroma that’s been described by judges as fresh, woody and piney, with a hint of citrus. Terpinolene’s flavor is sweet and lemon-lime-like, with a slight floral nuance. It is used as a flavor and fragrance agent, as well as in soaps, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.

For the First Time Ever, Cannabis Oil Will Be Used in a Hospital To Save a 2 Month Old Baby Girl

Aurora, CO — In December, Nicole and Ernie Nunez brought their beautiful baby girl, Amylea, into the world. However, when they brought her home, things quickly took a turn for the worst.

“About a day after we went home from delivery is when she had her first seizure,” Nicole said. “She has a rare form of epilepsy. They don’t know exactly the type.”

For the past two months, the Nunez family has been desperately trying to treat their daughter’s condition. Doctors in Albuquerque, New Mexico, where the family is from, were unable to find a cause and unable to treat young Amylea. So, the family has fled to Colorado.

Nicole stays at the hospital in Aurora while Ernie drives back and forth to take care of the couple’s other children and to work.

At the Children’s Hospital in Aurora, doctors continued the drug cocktail in an attempt to stop the horrible seizures, but these medications are not without side-effects.

“The medication she’s on is hard for her liver, and so we’re trying to do something different that’s not so bad on her body,” Ernie said, explaining why the couple has decided to use cannabis oil.

When the family heard about the seemingly miraculous effects of the cannabis oil known as Charlotte’s Web, they became hopeful and set out to get it for their daughter.

Charlotte’s Web is a strain of cannabis named after a young girl, Charlotte Figi, whose life it quite literally saved. Charlotte had her first seizure when she was three months old. Over the next few months, she had frequent seizures lasting two to four hours, and she was hospitalized repeatedly.

But her parents found a strain of cannabis that turned their daughter’s suffering completely around. Since then, countless other children have had their lives saved by this amazing plant. 

“I sat for a good three weeks fighting with the doctors and trying to talk them into giving me the okay,” Nicole said. “I’ve been working with the case study team and the neurology team here at children’s and I’m hopeful this will work.”

This week, doctors finally agreed to let the cannabis oil into the hospital to treat Amylea.

“For us to get the approval for us to administer it while she in the NICU while she’s a patient…it’s kind of like a miracle,” Nicole said. “Because they were completely against it saying, ‘No you can’t do it, you have to wait until she’s an out-patient.”

Even though the doctors gave the approval to treat Amylea with the oil, they won’t administer it to her, so the family has done it themselves.

Amylea has only had a handful of doses, but her parents say the nurses have already noticed a positive change.

According to the family, Amylea is the first and youngest patient to ever receive cannabis oil as a treatment in a hospital.

The significance of cannabis oil being used to treat an infant in a hospital should not be overlooked. What this move effectively illustrates is that cannabis is a viable medical option, and its current classification by the federal government as a Schedule 1 drug is as absurd as it is immoral. 

The Free Thought Project recently reported on the findings of a study that showed cannabis oil to be a highly effective treatment for intractable epilepsy.

Of 261 patients given CBD treatment, 45% experienced a significant reduction in seizure frequency, and 9% were seizure-free at three months. Some children continued to experience benefits after the trial ended, even one year after.

When the same amazing plant that has cured cancer, saved the lives of epileptic children, and treated countless others, is being used in a hospital in one state, while being the cause for kidnapping and imprisonment by police in another state, something must be done.

Those who continue to lock people in cages for possessing this plant would be wise to refuse further orders to do so. If police wish to be on the right side of history, they should not wait for legislation to tell them to stop kidnapping and caging people for a plant, they should simply stop doing it.

When ‘just doing your job’ violates the rights of non-violent, peaceful people, some of who only want to save the lives of their children, it’s time to question the validity of that job.

GoFundMe has been set up in Amylea’s name. Please show them some support by donating or sharing this article.

ASA Condition-based Booklets

A PATIENT’S GUIDE TO MEDICAL CANNABIS

This guide for patients who use medical marijuana (cannabis) covers everything you need to know. Created by Americans for Safe Access (ASA), a non-profit advocacy organization, this publication will help individuals who are using or considering cannabis treatments to better educate themselves, their families and their physicians. ASA has been developing information resources about medical marijuana (cannabis) for patients, their families, doctors, and elected officials for over a decade.

 ARTHRITIS

The importance of cannabinoids in bone health has been established in transgenic mice that are missing either the CB1 or CB2 receptor. These mice develop osteoporosis much more quickly than normal or wild mice. Research has recently shown that mice missing both cannabinoid receptors have extremely weak bones, a condition that underlies osteoporosis and osteoarthritis pathology.

 CANCER 

Cannabis has been found to help cancer patients with the symptoms that usually accompany cancer such as pain, nausea, wasting, and loss of appetite.[12] Notably, in a meta-analysis of 30 clinical studies on the therapeutic use of cannabis for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Delta9-THC (dronabinol AKA marinol) proved superior to modern anti-emetics.[13] Additionally, patients showed a clear preference for cannabinoids as anti-emetic medication over conventional drugs, when receiving chemotherapy.

 CHRONIC PAIN

Cannabis can serve at least two important roles in safe, effective pain management. It can provide relief from the pain itself (either alone or in combination with other analgesics), and it can control the nausea associated with taking opioid drugs, as well as the nausea, vomiting and dizziness that often accompany severe, prolonged pain.

GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

The effectiveness of cannabis and its derivatives for treating gastrointestinal disorders has been known for centuries. Recently, its value as an anti-emetic and analgesic has been proven in numerous studies and has been acknowledged by several comprehensive, government-sponsored reviews, including those conducted by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the U.K. House of Lords Science and Technology Committee, the Australian National Task Force on Cannabis, and others.

HIV/AIDS

The effectiveness of cannabis for treating symptoms related to HIV/AIDS is widely recognized. Its value as an anti-emetic and analgesic has been proven in numerous studies and has been recognized by several comprehensive, government-sponsored reviews, including those conducted by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the U.K. House of Lords Science and Technology Committee, the Australian National Task Force on Cannabis, and others.

MOVEMENT DISORDERS

The therapeutic use of cannabis for treating muscle problems and movement disorders has been known to western medicine for nearly two centuries. In reference to the plant’s muscle relaxant and anti-convulsant properties, in 1839 Dr. William B. O’Shaughnessy wrote that doctors had “gained an anti-convulsive remedy of the greatest value.”[12] In 1890 Dr. J. Russell Reynolds, physician to Queen Victoria, noted in an article in The Lancet that for “organic disease of a gross character in the nervous centers . . . India hemp (cannabis) is the most useful agent with which I am acquainted.”[13]

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS & MEDICAL MARIJUANA

An estimated 350,000 people in the United States are living with multiple sclerosis (MS), a debilitating and sometimes fatal disorder of the central nervous system. MS is the most common debilitating neurological disease of young people, often appearing between the ages of 20 and 40, affecting more women than men. Current treatment of MS is primarily symptomatic, focusing on such problems as spasticity, pain, fatigue, bladder problems and depression.

AGING & MEDICAL MARIJUANA

The immuno-modulatory properties of a group of fats found in cannabis, known as sterols and sterolins, have been used as natural alternatives to conventional rheumatoid arthritis treatments that employ highly toxic drugs to either suppress the entire immune response of the body or to palliate pain and the inflammatory process without correcting the underlying immune dysfunction.

U.S. Government finally admits that cannabis destroys cancer cells and protects healthy cells

Cannabis has been demonized as a gateway drug for more than 80 years. Now, in a stunning, though quiet, feat of acknowledgment, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) has admitted that cannabis kills cancer cells without harming normal cells.

The alternative media has been reporting on the medicinal benefits of marijuana for years. Multiple independent studies have found that marijuana can kick a host of health problems to the curb, including everything from lyme disease to tumors. 

Apparently, the overwhelmingly massive amounts of evidence in favor of the medicinal benefits of marijuana finally caused the NCI to buckle. The federal government sponsored agency recently updated the FAQs on its website to incorporate studies that demonstrated that marijuana can and has destroyed cancer cells. Cancer kills approximately 20,000 people worldwide each day, according to global health estimates.(3)

NIC STATES MARIJUANA CAN SHRINK CANCEROUS TUMORS

Health researchers from the U.S. government now state that cannabinoids, a class of compounds present in cannabis, can hinder cancer by causing cell death and stymieing blood vessels necessary for tumor growth.

They claim studies on mice and rats demonstrate that cannabinoids are able to destroy cancer cells while protecting noncancerous cells. The chemical constitution of marijuana was found to be effective at combating colon cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer and various other forms of the disease.

In addition, health officials also implied that cannabinoids can foster the effectiveness of chemotherapy without adding to the side-effects. According to health researchers on the U.S. government’s Cancer.govwebsite:

“A laboratory study of cannabidiol (CBD) in human glioma cells showed that when given along with chemotherapy, CBD may make chemotherapy more effective and increase cancer cell death without harming normal cells. Studies in mouse models of cancer showed that CBD together with delta-9-THC may make chemotherapy such as temozolomide more effective.”

“A study in mice showed that cannabinoids may protect against inflammation of the colon and may have potential in reducing the risk of colon cancer, and possibly in its treatment.”

“A laboratory study of delta-9-THC in hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) cells showed that it damaged or killed the cancer cells. The same study of delta-9-THC in mouse models of liver cancer showed that it had antitumor effects. Delta-9-THC has been shown to cause these effects by acting on molecules that may also be found in non-small cell lung cancer cells and breast cancer cells.”

“A laboratory study of cannabidiol (CBD) in estrogen receptor positive and estrogen receptor negative breast cancer cells showed that it caused cancer cell death while having little effect on normal breast cells. Studies in mouse models of metastatic breast cancer showed that cannabinoids may lessen the growth, number, and spread of tumors.”

AN UNPRECEDENTED ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ABOUT THE MEDICINAL BENEFITS OF MARIJUANA

The health officials go on to note that cannabinoid receptors have anti-inflammatory effects, which may play a role in alleviating pain. In addition, several animal studies have found that cannabinoids may prevent nerve problems like tingling, swelling and muscle weakness, caused by different types of chemotherapy.(3)

These studies are regarded by the NCI as preclinical, and were all conducted using animals. According to health officials, no clinical trials of marijuana use to help treat cancer have been published.(3)

The big news isn’t the result of these studies, however. As noted earlier, the alternative media has covered the medicinal benefits of marijuana over and over. What is news, is that after decades of the federal government chastising marijuana, the cancer-fighting power of cannabis can no long be ignored.

Sources include:

(1) NaturalNews.com

(2) NaturalNews.com

(3) StandardMedia.Co.Ke

(4) Cancer.gov

http://www.newstarget.com/2016-01-21-u-s-government-finally-admits-that-cannabis-destroys-cancer-cells-and-protects-healthy-cells.html